Eye surgery refers to a range of medical procedures performed on the eye or its surrounding structures to correct vision problems, treat eye conditions, or improve ocular health. Eye surgeries are typically performed by ophthalmologists, who are medical doctors specializing in eye care and surgery.
Eye surgery can address a wide range of conditions and concerns, including:
Refractive Errors: Eye surgeries such as LASIK, PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy), and SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction) are performed to correct common refractive errors like nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism. These procedures reshape the cornea to improve vision without the need for glasses or contact lenses.
Cataracts: Cataract surgery is the most common eye surgery performed worldwide. It involves removing the clouded natural lens of the eye and replacing it with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). Cataract surgery restores clear vision and can significantly improve a person's quality of life.
Glaucoma: Glaucoma surgeries are aimed at reducing intraocular pressure to prevent or manage damage to the optic nerve. Procedures such as trabeculectomy, shunt implantation, and laser trabeculoplasty are commonly performed to control glaucoma and preserve vision.
Corneal Conditions: Eye surgeries like corneal transplants (keratoplasty) are performed to replace a damaged or diseased cornea with a healthy donor cornea. These surgeries are used to treat conditions such as corneal scarring, keratoconus, and corneal dystrophies.
Retinal Conditions: Retinal surgery addresses conditions affecting the retina, such as retinal detachment, macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy. Surgical procedures like vitrectomy, retinal laser therapy, and retinal detachment repair are performed to restore or preserve vision.
Eyelid and Oculoplastic Surgery: Eyelid surgery, also known as blepharoplasty, can be performed for both functional and cosmetic purposes. These surgeries address concerns like drooping eyelids (ptosis), excess skin or fat on the eyelids, and eyelid malpositions that affect vision or appearance.
Pediatric Eye Surgery: Pediatric ophthalmologists perform specialized eye surgeries in children to correct conditions like strabismus (misalignment of the eyes), congenital cataracts, and blocked tear ducts.
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